Parks & Reserves

The Kruger

Spanning the eastern sections of Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces, the vast Kruger National Park is one of the world’s great wilderness zones. It has the biggest and best choice of walking safari options in South Africa, ranging from ‘leave no trace’ backpacking to luxury trails camps. SANParks run a multitude of day walks, backpacking trails and wilderness trails, while RETURNAfrica and Rhino Walking Safaris operate wonderful dedicated walking camps within the park. Singita Sweni is a luxury private lodge deep in the park that offers walking safaris.

Sometimes the SANParks Honorary Rangers volunteer corps raise funds for the parks via popular wilderness trails, and they also offer the ultimate backpacking adventure, the Kruger Trail.

… and Greater Kruger

Spending time with experienced guides is part of the pleasure of Africa on Foot walking safaris

To the west of the Kruger National Park is an expanse of conserved lands known as the Greater Kruger. With unfenced boundaries to the national park, a number of reserves in private and community ownership offer superb walking opportunities that range from backpacking style with Spirited Adventures and Lowveld Trails, to the height of comfort at Tanda Tula, and Simbavati. Between these extremes, specialist walking safari company Africa on Foot operates comfortable camp-based and slack-packing style wilderness trails.

Walking safaris are also available in community-owned reserves – at Pungwe Safari Camp in Manyeleti, and at Mtomeni in Letaba Ranch.

Kwa-Zulu Natal

The Wilderness Trails in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi feature splendid rocky look-outs

In Kwa-Zulu Natal province, Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is second only to Kruger National Park in its range of walking safari options. KZN Wildlife operates day walks and a range of Wilderness Trails, while the private Rhino Ridge lodge offers day walks, and the Wilderness Leadership School runs adventurous multi-day backpacking trails.

Also in Kwa-Zulu Natal, the highly regarded Phinda Private Game Reserve is a luxury walking safari destination, while the adjacent uMkhuze Game Reserve offers short dawn walks, as does Ithala Game Reserve in the north of Kwa-Zulu Natal.

The North West

Mapungubwe National Park is dotted with ancient baobab trees

At the tripoint of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Botswana, Mapungubwe National Park offers dawn walks in a spectacular landscape. Over the border in Botswana, multi-day adventures on foot are possible with WalkMashatu.

Marekele National Park, in the southern part of the Waterberg biosphere, offers dawn walks and also is home to the luxury Marataba lodge which runs walking safaris. Pilanesberg National Park is not a major walking destination, but dawn walks are available at the Legacy resorts.

The Cape

Exploring the fynbos ecosystem is a highlight of walking in Gondwana Game Reserve

The vast Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, in the Northern Cape province, is a hostile environment for intensive walking, but fascinating San-guided explorations are available at !Xaus Lodge.

The Western Cape’s climate makes year-round walking a pleasure and Sanbona Wildlife Reserve and Gondwana Game Reserve both welcome walkers.

In the Eastern Cape, Mountain Zebra National Park offers a diverse selection of walks, including the chance to track cheetah on foot. Not far from Port Elizabeth, there are two private game reserves that offer walking safaris, Shamwari and Kwandwe.

Don’t Forget eSwatini

Eye to eye with a black rhino in eSwatini’s Royal Hlane National Park

We have a soft spot for the little Kingdom, where Big Game Parks lead fascinating walks in some of their reserves.

Update – New Walk Venues

All of the above parks and big game reserves are covered in Walking Safaris of South Africa and new walk operations are listed below.

In the Greater Kruger, Thornybush Game Reserve is a member of the Associated Private Nature Reserves (APNR, see page 123), sharing an unfenced boundary with Klaserie to the north and Timbavati to the east. It has a high wildlife density, and visitors can choose from a handful of high-end lodges. For walks, head straight for Royal Malewane, which is proud to boast the best qualified guiding team in South Africa.

Also in the Greater Kruger, two neighbouring private reserves near Hoedspruit have new walking operations, Selati and Makalali. Adventurous trails are now available in two community-owned reserves that have open boundaries to the remote northern section of Kruger National Park: Mthimkhulu Game Reserve and Makuya.

In Timbavati Private Nature Reserve (Chapter 7) Tanda Tula Field camp has closed, and in Klaserie Private Nature Reserve (Chapter 8) the Klaserie Sands Safari Trails camp has closed.

In the remote north of Kwa-Zulu Natal, half way between Ithala and Umkhuze parks, lies the community-owned Somkhanda Game Reserve. Multi-day trails are now available from the only privately-operated dedicated trails camp in the province, and guests at Somkhanda Lodge can also avail of walks instead of drives. Somkhanda has all the big game you’d expect and low visitor numbers guarantee a genuine wild adventure.

On the upper White Umfolozi river in the south of Zululand, the new Babanango Game Reserve has both guided walks and self-guided trails in a fenced area without dangerous game. It promises to be a superb destination for multi-day trails in the near future.

Trial runs for multi-day trails in Babanango took place in the winter of 2021

100km downriver and adjacent to Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, the mFulaWozi Wilderness Private Game Reserve now offers multi-day leave-no-trace wilderness trails. These are operated by the African Bush Company, who also guide Primitive Trails from Bayala Lodge in Zuka Game Reserve, near Phinda.

In North West Province, the ultra-luxury Molori Safari Lodge in Madikwe Game Reserve has walks available to guests.

In Botswana’s Northern Tuli Game Reserve (Chapter 20) multi-day trails are operated by Tuli Wilderness.

In the Eastern Cape province, Amakhala Game Reserve is just a short drive for residents of Nelson Mandela Bay, and it has launched an exciting new overnight trail for backpackers. Guests hike about four hours on gentle animal trails and then overnight on camp beds in a cave overlooking the Bushman’s River. If backpacking is not your style, there are also dawn walks for lodge and safari camp guests and in 2021 these were opened up to day visitors. Slow explorations on foot begin at 8AM with expert guides interpreting the whole eco-system from dung beetles to elephants.

Also in the Eastern Cape, Samara Karoo Reserve launched a new trails camp in June 2023. The four tent camp is open year round – read about it here.

A render of Samara Karoo Plains Camp
Samara Karoo Plains Camp